Sumpah Nafy Al-'Ilmi Menurut Undang-Undang Keterangan Islam Di Malaysia
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Keywords

Keterangan
Pembuktian
Sumpah
Yamin Naf’yi
Perundangan Syariah

How to Cite

Wan Ismail, W. A. F., Hashim, H., Mamat, Z., Abdul Mutalib, L., Baharuddin, A. S., & Jusof, N. (2021). Sumpah Nafy Al-’Ilmi Menurut Undang-Undang Keterangan Islam Di Malaysia: Nafy Al-‘Ilmi Oath According to Islamic Law of Evidence in Malaysia. AL-MAQĀṢID The International Journal of Maqāṣid Studies and Advanced Islamic Research, 2(2), 25–37. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/TMU29

Abstract

Oaths are generally a method of proof agreed upon by scholars. In addition, the oath is a unique method of proof due to its division, the long scholarly debate and has a variety of terms even though they have almost the same meaning. Oaths are not only enforced as evidence in court, in fact it is also an out-of-court practice that sometimes becomes a confusion between evidence and common practice. In fact, an oath that has its significance in court and being executed in court after fulfilling its conditions. This paper discusses several issues including the concept of oath such as definition, legislation, and conditions of oath according to Islamic law and legislation. The main aim of this paper is to explain the concept and practice of "Nafyi al-`Ilmi Oath" and its practice according to Islamic Evidence Law in Malaysia. The oath of Nafyi al-`Ilmi is very rarely discussed in the ‘Arahan Amalan Sumpah Mahkamah Syariah 2006’ and is adopted in Syariah Courts in Malaysia. This paper also discusses the status of the Nafyi al-`Ilmi oath as evidence and is the Nafyi al-`Ilmi oath considered as oath of al-Tauthiq or al-Ihtiat.

 

Abstrak

Sumpah secara umumnya merupakan kaedah pembuktian yang disepakati para ulama. Di samping itu, sumpah merupakan kaedah pembuktian yang amat unik disebabkan pembahagiannya, perbahasan ulama yang panjang lebar dan juga mempunyai pelbagai istilah sekalipun mempunyai maksud yang hampir sama. Sumpah bukan setakat dilaksanakan dalam keterangan di mahkamah, bahkan ia juga menjadi amalan di luar mahkamah yang kadang-kadang menjadi kekeliruan antara pembuktian atau ia hanya sebagai amalan biasa. Pada hakikatnya sumpah yang mempunyai nilai pembuktian adalah sumpah yang dilaksanakan dalam mahkamah setelah memenuhi syarat-syaratnya. Dalam kertas kerja ini terdapat beberapa isu yang ingin diperkatakan antaranya konsep sumpah seperti definisi, pensyariatan dam syarat-syarat sumpah menurut syarak dan perundangan Islam. Matlamat utama kertas kerja ini ialah menjelaskan konsep dan amalan “Sumpah Naf’yi al-`Ilmi” dan amalannya menurut Undang-Undang Keterangan Islam Di Malaysia. Sumpah Naf’yi al-`Ilmi amat jarang diperbincangkan dinyatakan dalam ‘Arahan Amalan Sumpah Mahkamah Syariah 2006’ dan diterima pakai dalam Mahkamah Syariah di Malaysia. Apakah status Sumpah Naf’yi al-`Ilmi dalam pembuktian, Adakah Sumpah Naf’yi al-`Ilmi merupakan sumpah al-Tauthiq atau sekadar al-Ihtiat.

https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/TMU29
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