Sekatan Pergerakan Berdepan COVID-19 Di Malaysia: Satu Tinjauan Dari Perspektif Islam
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Keywords

COVID19
Maqasid Shariah
Malaysia
Islam
Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan

Abstract

Abstract in English:

In early 2020, the world was shocked by the spread of a new pandemic known as COVID-19.  As of 10 April 2020, the pandemic had spread to 212 countries including territories, infecting 1,521,252 people and caused 92,798 deaths. In the context of Malaysia, a total of 4,346 positive cases were reported, with 1,830 were discharged and 70 death tolls recorded. To date, there are no vaccines or specific treatment to overcome this outbreak. This study aims to examine the movement sanction or movement control implemented by Malaysia in dealing with the COVID-19 from the Islamic viewpoints. This qualitative study was conducted by using a content analysis approach. The data obtained were analysed descriptively and arranged thematically. The findings of the study emphasize the movement sanction as one of the steps that are recommended in Islam to deal with the spread of dangerous outbreak. In dealing with the outbreak, Malaysia has implemented Movement Control Order (MCO), Movement Control Order Phase 2 (MCO 2), Movement Control Order Phase 3 (MCO 3), and Enhanced Movement Control Order (EMCO), that run parallel with the migration sanction as recommended in Islam. This study thus supports the actions taken by the government which implements movement sanction as one of its SOPs in dealing with such a dangerous pandemic.

 

Abstract in Bahasa Malaysia:

Pada awal tahun 2020, dunia dikejutkan dengan penularan wabak pandemik baharu iaitu COVID-19. Setakat 10 April 2020, wabak ini telah menular ke 212 negara termasuk wilayah, menjangkiti 1,521252 orang dan menyebabkan 92,798 kematian. Manakala dalam konteks Malaysia sebanyak 4346 kes positif telah direkodkan, 1,830 discaj dan kematian mencecah 70 orang. Sehingga kini, masih tidak terdapat sebarang vaksin mahupun rawatan khusus bagi menangani wabak ini. Kajian ini bertujuan mengkaji sekatan pergerakan yang diimplementasikan oleh Malaysia dalam berdepan dengan Covid-19 dari sisi pandang Islam. Kajian kualitatif ini dijalankan menggunakan pendekatan analisis kandungan. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara deskriptif dan disusun secara tematik. Hasil kajian mengetengahkan bahawa sekatan pergerakan merupakan salah satu langkah yang dianjurkan di dalam Islam ketika menghadapi penularan wabak berbahaya. Malaysia yang turut berdepan dengan wabak ini, telah melaksanakan langkah Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (PKP), Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan Fasa 2 (PKP 2), Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan Fasa 3 (PKP 3) dan Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan Diperketatkan (PKPD) yang secara tidak langsung selari dengan semangat sekatan pergerakan yang dianjurkan dalam Islam. Sekali gus kajian ini menyokong tindakan pihak kerajaan yang mengenakan sekatan pergerakan sebagai salah satu Prosedur Operasi Standard (SOP)-nya apabila berdepan dengan insiden wabak berbahaya seumpama ini.

https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/TQ8KC
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